Networking phrases detailed

This should hopefully take you through some common networking terms and explain them.

Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line or ADSL, the most popular form of internet connection in the UK

IP Transit – internet connectivity provided to a {individual

Atom – similar to RSS, but a newer technology with more facilities. A new technology that is becoming more popular. The technology is based on RSS. RSS powers this technology. .

Bandwidth refers to information being transfered through an internet connection. Bandwidth refers to data transfer from one location to another. This is commonly measured in megabits per second (Mbps) or kilobits per second (Kbps).

Blog – just like an online diary. Often update at least once a week and normally almost daily and are arranged chronologically in order.

committed} to it, but will always mean a connection to the internet rather than LAN connection.

Co-location – where an individual or company host their own server / hardware with an ISP. Co-location- where an ISP hosted an individual or companies server or hardware on their behalf.

DHCP – Dynamic Host Configuration protocol distributes IP addresses dynamically to clients on a network.

DNS – Domain name system translates a domain name into an IP address.

Domain Name A unique name that is used to identify an internet site. Domain names have three parts- the name, a seperating dot, and an ending- e.g. .com.

Ethernet A common way of networking computers on a LAN, there are multiple standards and speeds available.
Firewall- protection from malicious network traffic.

FTP – File transfer Protocol, a method used to upload and download files on the internet.

A host is a computer or client on a network that provides services to other computers or clients on the same network.

HTTP – HyperText Transfer Protocol is used for moving hypertext files around the internet. HTTP is the most important protocol used in the World Wide Web (www)

IMAP is gradually replacing POP as the main protocol used by email clients in communicating with email servers. IMAP allows for email to be accessed and manipulated on a remote server. So messages can be deleted, have their status changed, multiple mail boxes can be managed, etc.

IPv4 or Internet Protocol version 4 is the most used internet protocol. IPv4 has a maximum of four billion IP Numbers (technically 232) but due to the way it was designed this is actually less than that due to some inefficiencies.

IPv6 Is the next generation of IPv4 with over a sextillion addresses (theoretically 2128) deployment of IPv6 is slow currently but will get great when more and more devices support it.

LAN Local area network, which is normally defined as being within the same building or floor of a building.

Network – two or more computers connected to share services and resources.

Where would a company find these services? IP Transit provider such as Goscomb Technologies would be able to cater for most of the services above.

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